Advancement in Lung surgeries
Surgery is needed to take biopsies (tissue samples) of the lung for
diagnosis. Recent advances in optic/video systems and endoscopic operating
instruments have made thoracoscopic easier and more accurate than previous
years. The operative mortality rate has decreased (1%) and the diagnostic
accuracy has increased (99%). Thoracoscopy has
been done at an increasing frequency in recent years because of its wide
applications, especially in the areas of therapeutic or operative procedures
such as carbon dioxide laser treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax or diffuse
bullous emphysema and Lung volume
reduction and also in the treatment of various airway diseases.
Two common ways to do surgery on your lungs are thoracotomy and video-assisted
thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). It involves passing a telescopic
camera through small cuts in the chest to examine the lungs or pleura (linings
of the lung) under video guidance and also associated with lung transplantation.