Advancement in Lung surgeries
Surgery is needed to take biopsies (tissue samples) of the lung for diagnosis. Recent advances in optic/video systems and endoscopic operating instruments have made thoracoscopic easier and more accurate than previous years. The operative mortality rate has decreased (1%) and the diagnostic accuracy has increased (99%). Thoracoscopy has been done at an increasing frequency in recent years because of its wide applications, especially in the areas of therapeutic or operative procedures such as carbon dioxide laser treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax or diffuse bullous emphysema and Lung volume reduction and also in the treatment of various airway diseases. Two common ways to do surgery on your lungs are thoracotomy and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). It involves passing a telescopic camera through small cuts in the chest to examine the lungs or pleura (linings of the lung) under video guidance and also associated with lung transplantation.