Depression and anxiety in COPD
Mental health-related disorders are the leading causes of increased disability and impaired quality of life in older people worldwide. Depression and anxiety are two challenging factors to identify in COPD. The causes of depression and anxiety symptoms are multifactorial and include behavioral, social and biological factors. Factors that contribute to the lack of provision of treatment are varied, they include patient perceived barriers, for example lack of knowledge and reluctance to receive antidepressant drug therapy. Depression and anxiety may lead to fear, panic and hopelessness, low self-esteem, social isolation and dependence on caregivers.